Pearl industry huaguang blooms sometimes
Posted 12-17-2012 at 01:57 AM by nrsoj54248
The Pearl industry is a strong competitive advantage in China's national industry, Pearl, with its delicate dignified, magnificent Jie Yun rounded, colorful and famous. Addition to the made into ornaments, Pearl, also can go into and processed into products, continuously expanding chain of pearls, for farmers, country opens up new export channels. According to the China gem and jade Association survey, 2003 global Pearl 1275. 6 tons of seawater pearls about 75 of them. 6 tons, China accounted for 27. 5 tons of Chinese freshwater pearl production amounted to approximately 1200 tons, about three quarters of world pearl production 95% above. Chinese stabilized world pearl production of "famous", but behind the dazzling Guanghua, pearl production and yield formation in our country of great contrasts: global Pearl product sales of about 5 billion dollars, China is less than US $ 500 million. "With high yield and low collection" Pearl of China "treasures" image hard to deserve, how to make pearl production powers of China into industrial powers, is the need to actively explore China's Pearl industry topics, an exclusive interview with Xinhua, Shi Hongyue, Deputy Secretary General of the China gem and jade Association. Shi Hongyue pulse of Chinese Pearl industry said in an interview with Xinhua, China Pearl presents "high-yielding low-income" phenomenon and Pearl exports lack of high value-added products in China was not unrelated. At present, China's export of high quality, high value-added gem-quality Pearl less less than 5% in total exports. 80% Pearl in the form of raw materials export without further processing on the flow of overseas, low value-added products, economic benefits are limited. For example, in 2003 China exported pearls 771 tons, $ 87.19 million in sales, average 113 dollars/kg, while export of French Polynesia pearls 8. 12 tons, with sales of more than 100 million US dollars, the average price of more than 10,000 USD/kg. This situation of and China's Pearl industry in areas such as aquaculture, processing, circulation and management problems are inextricably linked. Reduced quality, lack of international competitiveness. Pearl industry after years of development in China has basically formed a more mature breeding technical system, but due to the overall low quality of the Pearl industry in China, causing yield varies widely, and the unevenness in the quality of Pearl, not only affected Pearl treasure image in people's minds, are affecting the freshwater pearls in our country's good reputation in the international market. In addition, because in recent years Pearl high price, scarcity of production, purchase and sale of trading activity, making Pearl breeders eager, not the technological progress, leading to breed Pearl cycles shorter, lower quality of products. Coupled with environmental pollution, quality of the pearls, and varying degrees of decline in production, if the contamination without effective control, pearl farming would be a fatal blow. Processing technology of low level, lack of well-known brands. Leading to my Pearl "with high yield and low collection" one important reason is that domestic enterprises processing technology. Due to the large particles of more than 8 mm Freshwater Pearl bleach, add skill level is not high, inadequate processing capacity, therefore 80% per cent of freshwater pearls can be in the form of raw materials supplied to Hong Kong, Japan and other places of merchants, outside the Pearl after further processing into high value-added products to earn high profits. In addition, the design concept of domestic enterprises in the more traditional, style is monotonous, mostly limited to "beads", lack of well-known brands. Current high tax policies, considerable constraints on the development of the Pearl industry. Under the existing tax policy, Pearl business taxes, including: internal revenue service parts 10% 17% VAT and consumption tax; rent part of urban construction tax and education expenses such as additional integrated 3% 33% about income tax. Pearls from farming to processing is to farmers as the main body, higher taxes, companies are reluctant to let go of Pearl develop Pearl industry, enterprises are unable to benefit from the Pearl processing to enhance the added value. Lack of long term planning, poor management. Due to the development of social sector organization has long made pearl production, management of disorder, serious competition. Now Pearl producing thousands of farms are almost on their own, is part of the culture area stocking in no limit, excessive stocking densities, mother of individual small degradation, weak anti-disaster capacities. In order to get out of trouble, the pursuit of huge profits, speculation, bid up the price, even entrusts. Moreover, self-employed workers, after all, the economic strength of thin, cannot stand the waves in the market, it is inevitable as the market ups and downs, negatively affected the pearl farming industry. Pragmatic strategies of Pearl industry in China is developing rapidly, growing scale. Shi Hongyue believes that the Pearl industry as a national characteristic and resource advantages of emerging industries, is also much room for its future development, although within the industry there is this or that issue, but the key is the spirit of truth-seeking, pragmatic attitude to find effective ways to solve the problem and countermeasure. Strengthen the development of new technologies, improving the quality of products. In recent years, through the development and application of new technologies on the international, Pearl shell breed Pearl rate, Cheng Zhu particles increased, Pearl processing jewelry technique, style and so there is a great deal of improvement. To this end, Shi Hongyue pointed out that we should plan our Pearl Development scientific research and technological innovation Agency, formed in the bead people "studying technology, paying attention to the quality of" a good atmosphere. To actively introduce advanced world-class technologies and advanced experience with Japan, Hong Kong and other world-class research institutions to establish good relations of close cooperation and common development. Relying on Science and technology, improved varieties, reasonable density, size of moderate control of pearl cultivation, extension of the breeding time, to guarantee the quality of Pearl and old, accelerating the transformation of pearl culture techniques of traditional, develop the deep, revitalizing China Pearl reputation. Overcome the tendency of the number of one-sided pursuit of commodities, based on end-product quality policy, greatly develop Pearl further processing and comprehensive utilization, extend the industry chain, and strive to improve the added value of products, active development of Pearl Jewelry "fine". At the same time, to broaden thinking, developing new uses of Pearl, development of pharmaceutical supplies, beauty products, such as processing technologies. Optimizing the industrial structure, the formation of large Pearl industry group. Pearl does not have a corresponding position in the international market, China's important due to the lack of large Pearl industry group with well-known brands. Although Zhejiang Ruan Shi, Scarlett, osmun, large Pearl companies such as mountain lake, but the entire Pearl industries still dominated by self-employment, enterprise scale is small, especially in high-tech innovation system to support large enterprise groups. Internally this everywhere, small-scale production, decentralized management, current economic strength of thin, it is difficult to withstand the shocks of the waves caused by the foreign competition. Therefore, must in accordance with market competition of rule, Rotary strong jigs weak,[url=http://www.beautypearlearrings.com]tahitian pearls[/url], makes production elements to "hotshots" hand in set, strengthened joint, formed large section, and workers, and UNCTAD integration, etc, and for, and PIN one-stop of Pearl industry group, established large Pearl show, and transactions, and wholesale market, and makes of become has transactions, and regulation, and information features and has powerful integrated radiation force of pearl products distributed Center, formed scale benefits, big do strong own of national brand. Attention of pearl culture publicity, Rio's domestic market. At present, China's international sales accounted for 80% of the freshwater pearls, acute shortage of domestic consumption, this Pearl in the domestic level is not high, a single style, in the heart of consumers lack of passion was not unrelated to consumption. Therefore, should reshape the Pearl of China's domestic image, started a large domestic consumer market. Due to the emergence of cultured pearls, Pearl supply can be controlled, Pearl is no longer synonymous with precious jewels, and more is a beautiful living decorations, can be accepted by ordinary consumers, it on design concepts, consumer orientation to more popular.
Total Comments 0